Chinese Journal of Dermatology ›› 2021, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (9): 777-784.doi: 10.35541/cjd.20201104

• Melanoma·Original Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Surgical treatment strategies and outcomes of early-stage nail apparatus melanoma: a retrospective analysis of 115 cases

Guo Wei, Zhao Tao, Guo Weinan, Ma Cuiling, Gao Tianwen, Zhao Jianhong, Li Bing   

  1. Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi′an 710032, China
  • Received:2020-11-17 Revised:2021-05-17 Online:2021-09-15 Published:2021-09-02
  • Contact: Zhao Jianhong; Li Bing;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(81902791)

Abstract: 【Abstract】 Objective To explore surgical treatment strategies and prognosis of early-stage nail apparatus melanoma. Methods A total of 115 patients with early-stage nail apparatus melanoma receiving surgical treatment were collected from Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University from July 2011 to December 2019, and surgical treatment strategies and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. Results According to the modified ABCDEF criteria and clinical manifestations (such as deformation of the nail plate, ulcers, nodules), 73 patients with early-stage nail apparatus melanoma received extended surgical resection based on the resection principles of melanoma in situ, 22 based on the resection principles of stage I and II melanoma, 20 based on the resection principles of stage I and II melanoma with invasion risks. During the follow-up period of 6 months to 9 years, there was no recurrence of the primary tumors in any patients; no abnormalities were observed by the ultrasound examination of lymph nodes in 101 patients; metastases occurred in 2 patients receiving finger amputation, 1 of whom died; 12 patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusion To select extended surgical resection strategies for early-stage nail apparatus melanoma based on clinical manifestations, can ensure adequate treatment and preserve the normal function of the extremities to the greatest extent without recurrence of the primary tumors.

Key words: Nevi and melanomas, Nail diseases, Surgical procedures, operative, Treatment outcome