Chinese Journal of Dermatology ›› 2023, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (3): 244-246.doi: 10.35541/cjd.20210198

• Research Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of 141 cases clinically misdiagnosed as melanoma

Wang Yuanli, Liu Ling, Sun Zhongbin, Li Kai   

  1. Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi′an 710032, China
  • Received:2021-03-07 Revised:2021-09-23 Online:2023-03-15 Published:2023-03-06
  • Contact: Li Kai

Abstract: 【Abstract】 Objective To analyze 141 cases clinically misdiagnosed as malignant melanoma, and to improve the understanding and diagnosis of diseases. Methods Totally, 141 patients preliminarily diagnosed with melanoma, which was finally excluded according to histopathological examination results, were collected from the pathological database of Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University from November 2001 to September 2019, and their clinical and histopathological data were analyzed retrospectively. Results Among the 141 cases clinically misdiagnosed as melanoma, 64 were males and 77 were females. Their median age at the time of misdiagnosis was 51 years, and the average disease duration was 103.4 months. The patients mainly presented with patches and papules, most of which were black in color. Based on histopathological manifestations, 35 patients were diagnosed with pigmented nevi, 29 with basal cell carcinoma, 15 with seborrheic keratosis, 7 with Bowen′s disease, 6 with nail melanin spots, 5 with epidermal cysts, 4 with poroma, 4 with hemorrhage, 4 with dermatofibroma, and 23 with other skin diseases. Conclusions In clinical practice, some diseases with characteristics of melanoma are liable to be misdiagnosed. It is necessary to grasp their clinical features and actively carry out auxiliary examinations such as dermoscopy and histopathological examinations to confirm the diagnosis and reduce the misdiagnosis rate.

Key words: Nevi and melanomas, Diagnostic errors, Skin manifestations, Pathologic processes