Chinese Journal of Dermatology ›› 2023, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (3): 247-251.doi: 10.35541/cjd.20220295

• Research Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Clinical efficacy and safety of secukinumab in the treatment of 13 cases of refractory localized pustular psoriasis

Zhou Jian, Yu Chen, Wang Gang   

  1. Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi′an 710032, China
  • Received:2022-04-29 Revised:2022-12-29 Online:2023-03-15 Published:2023-03-06
  • Contact: Yu Chen
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (82003342); Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province (2022ZDLSF03-14)

Abstract: 【Abstract】 Objective To evaluate clinical efficacy and safety of secukinumab in the treatment of patients with localized pustular psoriasis irresponsive or intolerant to conventional treatment. Methods Clinical data were collected from 13 patients with refractory localized pustular psoriasis, who received secukinumab treatment in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from December 2019 to April 2022. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) area and severity index (PPPASI) score and physician global assessment (PGA) score in PPP patients before and after the treatment, and by comparing clinical global impression (CGI) score in patients with acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau (ACH). Adverse events were recorded during the treatment. Results Among the 13 patients with refractory localized pustular psoriasis, 6 were diagnosed with PPP, 3 with ACH, and 4 with PPP complicated by ACH. There were 3 males and 10 females, and their age was 33.2 ± 14.6 years. After 12-week treatment, the PPPASI score decreased from 13.88 ± 3.62 points at baseline to 6.81 ± 2.31 points in 10 patients presenting with PPP lesions, 4 achieved 75% improvement in the PPPASI score (PPPASI75), and 5 achieved PGA0/1; at the same time, 6 of the 7 patients presenting with ACH lesions achieved moderate or marked improvement in the CGI score, and 4 of the 6 patients achieved marked improvement. Two patients with PPP discontinued the treatment after 3- and 5-week treatment respectively due to poor response, and 1 patient with ACH achieved mild improvement in the CGI score after 12-week treatment. No severe adverse events were reported during the treatment. However, inflammatory follicular papules occurred in 1 patient, and eczematoid lesions occurred in another 1 patient, which both regressed after symptomatic treatment. Conclusion Secukinumab was effective and safe in the treatment of refractory localized pustular psoriasis, and may serve as a new treatment option for refractory PPP and ACH.

Key words: Psoriasis, Biological agents, Treatment outcome, Palmoplantar pustulosis, Acrodermatitis continua of Hallopeau, Secukinumab