Chinese Journal of Dermatology ›› 2023, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (9): 845-848.doi: 10.35541/cjd.20210794

• Research Reports • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Atopic dermatitis-like lesions appearing after interleukin-17 antagonist therapy in 4 cases of psoriasis: case analysis and literature review

Liu Xiaoyang, Zhao Yan, Cai Lin, Zhang Jianzhong   

  1. Department of Dermatology, Peking University People′s Hospital, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2021-11-02 Revised:2022-03-22 Online:2023-09-15 Published:2023-09-07
  • Contact: Cai Lin

Abstract: 【Abstract】 Objective To summarize and analyze clinical characteristics and possible pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD)-like lesions after treatment with interleukin-17 (IL-17) antagonists in patients with psoriasis, and to improve the clinical management of these patients. Methods Four patients with psoriasis, who developed AD-like lesions after the treatment with IL-17 antagonists, were reported. A comprehensive update-search was carried out to analyze and summarize clinical characteristics of and therapeutic strategies for other related cases reported in Chinese and international literature. Results Among the 4 patients in this study, 2 were males and 2 were females, with a history of psoriasis ranging from 10 to 35 years; after 5-month to 2-year treatment with secukinumab, they developed pruritic erythema and papules with exudation on the trunk, limbs and/or face. All the 4 patients had a history of atopic diseases and elevated serum total IgE levels and/or eosinophil counts. AD-like lesions were controlled in 3 patients after treatment with systemic cyclosporine, glucocorticoids and/or antihistamines, as well as topical glucocorticoids and/or tacrolimus, and secukinumab continued to be administered simultaneously; 1 discontinued secukinumab due to repeated AD-like lesions. Totally, 12 English literature containing 48 patients were included, and a total of 52 patients including the 4 patients in this study were analyzed. Among them, there were 30 males and 22 females, with the age being 50.1 ± 13.6 years; 37 cases were induced by secukinumab, 14 induced by ixekizumab, and 1 induced by brodalumab; the time from the initiation of biologic therapy to the onset of AD-like lesions ranged from 1 week to 2 years; the lesions manifested as pruritic erythema and papules, accompanied by scales or exudation; the skin lesions were mainly distributed on the limbs (41 cases, 78.8%), followed by the trunk (32 cases, 61.5%) and face (20 cases, 38.5%); a personal or family history of atopic diseases was reported in 57.7% patients; peripheral blood eosinophil counts increased in 5 cases, and serum total IgE levels were elevated in 17. Thirty-two (61.5%) patients discontinued IL-17 antagonists, and received single or combination therapies, including systemic treatment with cyclosporine, methotrexate, glucocorticoids, antihistamines, other biologic agents and small-molecule drugs, topical treatment with glucocorticoids and/or tacrolimus, and phototherapy; 20 (38.5%) patients continued the previous treatment with IL-17 antagonists, and additionally received topical treatment with or without oral antihistamines or cyclosporine; after the above treatment, the psoriatic and AD-like lesions were controlled in most patients. Conclusions AD-like lesions after IL-17 antagonist therapy was not common in patients with psoriasis, and these patients developing AD-like lesions were more likely to have a personal or family history of atopic diseases and elevated levels of serum total IgE; based on the disease condition, the treatment with IL-17 antagonists may be considered to continue during the symptomatic treatment of AD-like lesions.

Key words: Psoriasis, Dermatitis, atopic, Interleukin-17 antagonist, Secukinumab, Ixekizumab, Brodalumab